Piedecuesta is a municipality in the department of Santander, Colombia. It is 17 km from Bucaramanga, forming part of the metropolitan area. Its land area is 344 square kilometers; observed an altered geography that offers countless valleys, plateaus, mountains and hills, territorial accidents are presenting a varied climate, from sunshine fishmonger to moor mist Juan Rodríguez.
The municipality is bounded on the north by Tona and Floridablanca. On the south by guaca, Cepitá, Aratoca and Los Santos. On the eastern Santa Barbara. By the West with Girón.Límites which in turn demarcate municipal fragmentation highlighted by the failure of Bucaramanga east, seismic knot and the failure of the Saints south, the failure of Suárez River to the west and failures Ruitoque and Gold River to the north.
All of which has led to the inhabitants adapt to the social and environmental living conditions favored by the Andean climatic zones and seismic dynamics región.Por its location in the Eastern Cordillera, Piedecuesta is a water producer municipality. Here is where three rivers: Gold, Hato and Manco and 12 quebradas.La Piedecuesta city is divided into neighborhoods, developments, residential complexes, and even residential condominiums in semi-urban rural areas, which total 192 territorial divisions.
To which are added ten non legalized or recognized by the Administration Municipal.El name “neighborhoods” Piedecuesta is the result of the abbreviation given to the site, parish and village of “Pie de la Cuesta” in the early nineteenth century by the central government of the Republic of Colombia through its laws, decrees and official communications to be located in the urban case one of the most important factories state tobacco.
After some years used the abbreviation “Piecuesta” with the political-administrative reform of 1825 he was recognized as Villa de Piedecuesta.Los Spanish settlers Pamplona Giron and got the name of “Pie de la Cuesta” site located between the Rivers Hato, Cold Gold and Manco to be employed for the night and provision beasts of burden before continuing travelers, carriers and merchants her painful and risky transit to Pamplona and the Andes Colombian-Venezuelan through the costs that allowed the rise to moor Juan Rodríguez (now Berlin) following the north bank of the upper reaches of River Gold, and to ascend through the steep and slippery road which led to Socorro, and thence to Santa Fe de Bogota, through the Bureau of readings suggested (now Los Santos) and the eastern Andes neogranadinos.
Landmarks of those places inn were in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries brokers the property of the heirs of the founder of Pamplona Ortún Velasco next to Lato River (now home to the University of St. Thomas) and brokers estates Sale, Rubbers and Tres Esquinas, especially during the civil wars of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Taken from: http://www.alcaldiadepiedecuesta.gov.co/sitio/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=180:resena&catid=140&Itemid=482
“Veredas” (Municipal Rural Settlements)
Since 1991 each Community Action Board represents a “vereda” (rural area). The IGAC only recognise as “veredas” the following: Aguadas, Alto de Vacas, Barroblanco, Borbón, Chinavegas, Chorreras, Cristales, Guango, El Centro, El contento, El Fical, El Granadillo, El Guamo, El Salado, El Volador, Faltriqueras, Guatiguará, Guayanas, Ladradas, La Mata, La Urbua, La Vega, Las Amarillas, Las Vegas, Los Colorados, Los Curos, Los Llanitos, Mensulí, Mesa de Jéridas, Mesa de Ruitoque, Mesitas de San Javier, Pajonal, Pavas, Planadas, Quebradas, San Francisco, San Isidro, San Jair, San Pio, Sevilla y Trincheras.
Neighbourhoods of Piedecuesta
Some neighbourhoods in Piedecuesta have changed their names and some others have maintained them. Currently, there are known the following neighbourhoods: Bariloche, Barroblanco, Buenos Aires, Cabecera del Llano, Callejuelas, Campo Verde, arvoreto, Cataluña, Chacarita, Camelot, Divino Niño, El Centro, El Hospital, El Molino, El Refugio, El Trapiche, Hoyo Chiquito, Hoyo Grande (Cañaverales), La Argentina, La Candelaria, La Cantera, La Castellana, La Colina, La Feria (La Pesa), La Gloria, La Macarena, La Rioja, La Tachuela, Las Delicias, Los Cisnes, Miraflores, Palermo, Paseo del Puente, Portal del Molino, Portal del Valle, Paysandú, Pinares de Granada, Pinares Campestre, Nuevo Pinares, Puerto Madero, Quinta Granada, San Antonio, San Carlos, San Cristóbal, San Francisco (de la Cuesta), San Luis, San Marcos, San Rafael, San Telmo, Soratoque, Tejaditos, Villalina, Villaluz, Villanueva, villa marcela, Paseo Real. Also, there are considered as neighbourhoods the urbanizations, and residential compounds registered at IGAC and planning office such as: Joint ownership Hacienda San Miguel and Ruitoque Country Golf. Translated from: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piedecuesta 2
Graphic taken from: http://www.alcaldiadepiedecuesta.gov.co/descargas/mapa_de_piedecuesta.pdf
Piedecuesta is located 1009 meters above sea level, its climate vary from 24 to 26 degrees Celsius and the barometer never reaches more than 2.5 of a millimetres. This explains the high health standards of this region. Wind comes from North and North-West. Translated from: (http://www.correvedile.com/carmenpinilla/piedecuesta)
At the request of the parishioners of Girón, residents at the site of Pie de la Cuesta, was erected on October 17, 1774 in the plain of San Francisco Parish “San Francisco Javier” by the ecclesiastical patronage made by the authorities of the Viceroyalty New Granada (Archbishop, Prosecutor of the Real Audiencia and Viceroy).
They settled since 1763 on the site of Pie de la Cuesta, some families of whites, mestizos, mulattos and “free” pledged in 1772 to the parish priest of Girón, Dr. Joseph Elseario Calvo, to erect a chapel in exchange request the erection of a viceparish to the colonial authorities. Process that was completed a year after being marked with a cross-site location of pole and thatch chapel which was built as a source of urban settlement. To which followed the request for establishment of a new parish in the municipal and provincial jurisdiction Girón, in agreement with the pastor who replaced Dr. J. Calvo who opposed lose the most prosperous parishioners who claimed his congrua and income from tithes.
Come to the parish in the last days of December 1775, the July 26, 1776 the priest José Ignacio Zabala together key neighbors of his parish to parish constitution agree that should govern its jurisdiction regarding alms, congrua, butler , guilds, etc. That agreement was rejected by the majority of parishioners who opposed from 1774 to the election of the priest as its first pastor to be considered deceived by socioeconomic side represented by the family of Blas Mantilla who had entrusted their power to the authorities of Santa Fe.
This conflict was settled only in July 1778 to be prosecuted parties by the Visitor and Fiscal of the Royal Court, Francisco Moreno and Escandon, during his visit to the province to consider the parishioners for their conflicts had neglected the cultivation and harvesting of snuff stagnant. At the request of the residents of Girón and parishioners of San Francisco Javier, King Fernando VII granted the title of this parish “Villa de San Carlos” on August 16, 1810.
A month before the rebel and ignore the regentistas authorities Girón the Governing Board of the Federalists insurgents Pamplona was awarded the coveted title as Villa being a parish whose neighbors were willing to secure national independence from Spain and the Spanish.
Obtained by way of fact and law that political-administrative title allowed him to become a municipality independientede Girón with Cabildo, rentals, mayors, jail and own revenues. Sealed national independence in 1819, the Law of the Republic of Colombia of June 23, 1824 recognized the existence of this municipality as the “Villa of Piedecuesta”. Taken from: http://www.alcaldiadepiedecuesta.gov.co/sitio/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=182:fundacion&catid=140&Itemid=482
Traditionally it has been used a flag with stripes of green, white and red; the Honorable City Council passed an agreement regulating its size and use. Says: Agreement No. 06 of 198 in December 5- For which a symbol is created MUNICIPAL FLAG. The City Council Piedecuesta using its legal powers agree:
Article One: Crease a symbol - Municipal Flag - whose dimensions are 1.80 meters long and 90 inches wide.
Article Two: You will have three horizontal bands whose width is 30 inches each.
Article Three: The third stripes in the preceding Article shall: At the top, green in the center white and the lower red stripe.
Article Four: These three bands represent: The green ground the cane fields, the now reigning white peace in our town and red, the color of the blood that spilled the children of Piedecuesta to implant the freedom of our country.
Article Five: In the central strip and from its equidistance within 30 inches, you must take forming the V of victory, on the right plant snuff and on the left side a plant sugarcane and its vertex an open and upright thereon a pen book is representing the current intelligentsia of the municipality.
Article Six: Authorizing your izada- of flagship issue in Asta having the municipal building for this purpose, the celebrated day - officially as the foundation of Piedecuesta and ordéneselo use the sports committee for their skills. Issued in Piedecuesta five days in December 1968. City Council President Marco Tulio S. Uribe, Secretary: Cecilia Sandoval P. There corresponding signatures and seals. Taken from Piedecuesta Book, past and present pages: 23, 24 Author Alfonso García Prada. Published on: http://www.alcaldiadepiedecuesta.gov.co/sitio/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=186:simbilos&catid=140&Itemid=482
The shield of Piedecuesta is an important castle head, symbol of nobility and chivalry. Signal swags gold wealth.
The central part is divided into four compartments in red and blue. In the upper left hand a lion represents the surveillance authority, the power, the Piedecuestana seasoned people. On the right a sword on a parchment, means truth, law, order, respect for authority.
In the bottom left we see a lamp on a book symbol of truth, equality, the wisdom of all those born on this earth. On the right a bee, symbol of work and diligence of all the inhabitants of this town. The lamp and the sword are on a red background, the lion and bee on a blue background. At the bottom of the shield, is a peacock, a symbol of pride that should have everyone who is born on this earth.
Finally in axergo, the legend “Piedecuesta, Illustrious and loyal city”. The tradition of the village council and the agreement gave sufficient title of Illustrious and loyal to the Villa. Distinguished by its talented children and Loyal to the Fatherland and Freedom in all hours.The Piedecuesta shield was made by the painter Luis Antonio Céspedes Mantilla, born here. It was delivered to the City Council in 1941, as President of the Cabildo Mr. Aníbal King Mantilla. The original coat is in the Secretary General Command City Police. Texts and image taken from: http://www.alcaldiadepiedecuesta.gov.co/sitio/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=186:simbilos&catid=140&Itemid=482
Agriculture is the mainstay of Piedecuestan economy. Due to the diverse topography and, consequently, the thermal floors, there is a huge variety of products. Its topographical situation has highlands, where corn , peas , wheat ,onion , vegetables, arracacha , different grasses , green vegetables and some fruit trees are grown. In the lowlands sugarcane, corn, tobacco and banana. In the temperate areas yucca, tomatoes, sugarcane and tobacco are grown as well.
Among the previously mentioned, the most important Piedecuestan products are sugarcane and tobacco. (Taken and translated from:
Piedecuesta was known until mid-twentieth century as the capital of milk and honey in the province of Soto after the crisis in the production of tobacco, sweets,fabrics and leather caused by the occupation, battle and destruction of the city during the Thousand Days' War.
However, the advanced urbanization processes that have occupied the valleys, plains and meadows surrounding the city have led Piedecuesta to become the main producing municipality of fine and ordinary cigars of Colombia. Handicrafts and manufacture made from tobacco leaves by women cigar makers, who have constituted along with their families in a symbol of Piedecuestan identity in popular neighborhoods, as well as their work in packing factories and export type cigar factories remains as the main source of employment for more than 30% of piedecuestans dedicated to different kind of jobs related to cigar industry, becoming a subject of study and analysis of the Economics Science of Piedecuesta.1 (Taken and translated from:http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piedecuesta)
Metrolinea Piedecuesta Early station west view
Metrolinea Piedecuesta Early Station East view
“Some People have tried to stigmatize us, but Piedecuesta always is recognized like a cultural place because its love of arts is huge” said Carmen Cecilia Diaz stating that “we still deserver this important title, now more than ever, an example of this is our Piedecuestaneidad’s Week where we celebrate what we make the best: CULTURE. Translated from: http://unab.edu.co/portal/page/portal/UNAB/Actualidad-UNAB/Desarrollo?codigonoticia=702&envia=PCOM
The “Garroteros” (nickname given to people from Piedecuesta and also name given to a traditional group of Piedecuestans that participate in festivals and carnivals) were chosen as the best Barranquilla’s staging during the Estefanía Caicedo Festival in 1997. The same group won in 2000 the eighth “Festival del Moño” in Jesus Maria (Santander), and in 2004 won the prize for best traditional costume and “torbellino versiao” in the same contest. Translated from: http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-1673719
The “Bellas Artes” institute started to work in 1999 by the direction of Cesar Mantilla Rey. At the beginning all the activities were based on the children from the different schools in Piedecuesta. (Taken and translated from: Piedecuesta Mi Patria Chica by Carmen Cecilia Diaz Almeida)
It is born as initiative of the municipal advice of the year 2004 of the youth inside the activities to develop during the first week of the youth. His aim is to congregate the community and they prove to be young women who are interested in occupying his time in the artistic and cultural labor to enrich his life, his groups show the happiness and the joy to be a young. (Translated from: Municipal Council of Piedecuesta.)
The painters in mention not only submit to the art to promote the identity terrígena, but also to there offer us the happiness, the genuineness of his works always gratifying, possessed for a language that comes to the observer. These artists to Piedecuesta's level characterize for his originality for them the color it gives form to the feeling that his works form. They are between others: Gonzalo Rey, Guillermo Quintero, Rolando Güisa. To level of Colombia there are many artists important as Gabriel García Marquéz and to European level Pablo Picasso and William Shakespeare are between others. (Translated from: Piedecuesta Mi Patria Chica by Carmen Cecilia Diaz)
Local Fairs and Festivities
Festival de Verano en Pescadero January 8th-10th.
Holy Week. Considered as one of the best three Holy Weeks celebrations in the country. May or April.
Graphic taken from: http://www.alcaldiadepiedecuesta.gov.co/sitio/images/stories/sem_sant.jpg
“Piedecuestanidad” Week. July 26th to 30th.
Piedecuesta’s Day and “Piedecuestanidad” (July 26th): traditional commemoration and anniversary of the establishment of “Parroquia de San Francisco Javier del Pie de la Cuesta” on July 26th 1776.
Anniversary of foundation of the municipality (Villa de San Carlos: August 16th, 1810)
Cultural Carnival. With delegation of Barranquilla’s Carnival.
National Theatre Festival Alfredo Camargo Acevedo (September)
“Festival de la Mora” (Blackberry’s Festival) In Sevilla, a municipal rural settlement (verdeda). 1)
1 Piedecuesta. (2015, 1 de abril). Wikipedia, La enciclopedia libre. Fecha de consulta: 06:10, abril 15, 2015 desde http://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Piedecuesta&oldid=81135381.